Basic list of Japanese ware types

Jomon-                    Coil built conical earthenware vessels with impressed cord patterns.  Small figures with intricate abstract designs physically carved on the surface.  Sculptural vessels with narrow bases constructed of exposed coils.  10,000-300 BC

Yayoi-                      Smooth surfaced vessels of the Jomon style with refinement of form and combed decoration.

Haniwa/Hajiki -      Cylindrical forms constructed to make ritual figures associated with the tumulus period. Introduction of slab techniques.  Depictions of warriors, horses, boats, and houses. 4th century.

Sueki-                      Wheel formed vessels developing from earthenware to high fire techniques including basic low temperature glazes.  Kiln technology and fine grained clay.

Gaki-                       Mass production methods with vitreous clay technology.

Nara -                      Tang influenced SanCai lead glaze with multi colored blotches and ending production with the Heian period.

Seto Ware-             Beginning in 1192 with the Kamakura period.  Stoneware technology and the use of glaze composed mainly of wood ash. Zen Buddhism influences aesthetic sence.

Old Seto-                 First ash glazed pottery.  Basic yellow and Iron bearing colors.  White feldspar bearing stoneware and high iron stoneware clay bodies.  Beginning of ware made for the tea ceremony.

Mino Ware-            Introduction of slab built vessels of unconventional design for the tea ceremony and philosophical approaches for expression.  Many styles of ware being produced with both tube kilns and climbing kilns.

Shino/Oribe-           Shino ware is handmade, never turned on the wheel, carved with a razor and cut off with a spatula. The ware is decorated with linear brush marks in high iron clay and covered in a glaze made of crushed feldspathic rock.  Oribe consists of vessels for the formal presentation of food in the tea ceremony.  Oribe is generally glazed in the same manner as shino with the addition of ash glazed splashes. This ash glaze includes copper and has a prominent green color.  Oribe ware was invented by the tea master Furuta Oribe and has an inventiveness of form and abstract brush decoration.

Bizen-                      Ware made in response to the common person.  High iron stoneware clay fired without applied glaze having light natural ash effects.

Karatsu-                  Korean influenced ware made for the tea ceremony and influenced by Oribe with a bit more refined brush decoration.

Hagi-                       Beginning in the early Edo Period.  Korean influenced wares with lemon yellow, thin red, and egg shell crackle glaze pallet.  The style comes from a man named Koraizaemon who passed on the Korean Bi Tung kiln methods and was championed by a man named Yi Kyong of Korean decent.

Raku-                       Low fired ware made in the late 16th for the changing taste in tea ceremony practices as Chinese style wares became out of style.  The ware is fast fired low temperature glaze made with lead oxide that is quick cooled.

Kyoto Ware-            Made from potters with training in the Seto kilns employing very controlled form and an excellent understanding of kiln technology.  Refined brush work with excellent control in glaze pallet and decorative composition.  Movement began by Nonomura Ninsei.

Imari-                      True porcelain ware beginning production in 1610.  Very fine brushwork with emphasis on decorative pattern and brush control.  Development of ware and material led to full scale production around 1629.

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